Two-state solution?

Donald Trump not committed to Israel-Palestine two-state solution

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What is the two-state solution?

The two-state solution is the recognition and creation of a Palestinian state alongside the Jewish state of Israel. It is a decades-long policy that aims to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

With years of negotiations, and no alternative in sight, the boundary between the two states is still subject to disputes. The United States has pushed for the two-state solution under three presidents, but their new president is not convinced.

During a press conference with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, President Trump said: "I’m looking at a two state and one state, and I like the one that both parties like.

"I’m very happy with the one that both parties like. I could live with either one.

"I thought for a while the two state looked like it may be the easier of the two, but honestly, if Bibi (Netanyahu) and if the Palestinians, if Israel and the Palestinians are happy, I’m happy with the one they like the best."

Donald Trump's backing off is a break from the stance of previous presidents. Although the idea existed before the presidency of Bill Clinton, he became the first US president to officially endorse the policy just before leaving office in 2001.

Barack Obama used his final press conference to reiterate how important he believed it to be for the prospects of peace in the region.

According to Fathom Journal, the solution would see Israel agree to withdraw in principle to the Green Line, evacuating settlements and resettling settlers in other parts of the country.

The Green Line is the demarcation line set out in the 1949 Armistice Agreements, following the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. It is sometimes referred to as the 1967 border, as it served as the border of Israel from 1948 up to the 1967 Six-Day War.

Support for the two-state solution is falling among Palestinians and Israelis, according to the Inquirer. A survey in September showed that half of all Palestinians and 41% of Israelis were against the idea. A couple of months later, in December, another poll found only 31% of Palestinians saw the two-state solution as viable.

The "long-established US framework for Middle East peacemaking" is being replaced with the possibility of an Arab-backed peace process which, as CNN notes, has been floating around since the beginning of this century "without producing results".

The new President's diplomacy involves a tactic not used by his predecessors: backing off, instead of digging in. Whether or not Mr Trump is washing his hands of the process, or allowing to negotiate "a great peace deal" on their own terms, peace in the region still seems a faraway goal as it was for presidents before him.

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