Two churches - worlds apart
The Church of England consecrated its first female bishop in January 2015 during a ceremony at York Minster.
The Right Reverend Libby Lane, 49, was made Bishop of Stockport in front of more than 1,000 people.
The Church formally adopted legislation the previous November to allow women bishops, following decades of argument over women's ordination.
Archbishop of York John Sentamu, who led the service, said he had been "praying and working for this day".
One year on, Rt Rev Lane told The Independent that she now believes female bishops are no longer “unusual”.
She said: “I was the first but seven other women have been appointed in these past few months. The Church has moved so quickly into a new normal where the appointment of women bishops is as expected as the appointment of men.”
That is not to say that she has not been confronted by any resistance or, as she put it, “disquiet”. Her consecration ceremony at York Minster was disrupted by notorious ultra-conservative priest, the Rev Paul Williamson, exclaiming: “Not in the Bible.”
“Saint Pope John Paul II had the last clear word on this and it stands, this stands,” Francis said, referring to a 1994 document stating that women could never join the priesthood.
The church has always responded to criticism of the ban on women by pointing out that Jesus only chose men as his apostles. Proponents of a change argue, among other points, that the church is facing a shortage of priests.