Are sanctuary cities safe?

A recent study found that they do not "breed crime"

Sanctuary Cities Surround Area Where Illegal Aliens Allegedly Killed Woman

The region of Washington State where a 31-year-old woman was allegedly shot 13 and killed by a gang of illegal immigrants is surrounded by sanctuary jurisdictions.

Jill Sundberg was allegedly murdered in the Grant County area by five illegal immigrants, as Breitbart Texas reported, a region which neighbors multiple sanctuary cities.

A look at the Center for Immigration Studies sanctuary map reveals that there are over 25 sanctuary cities in Washington alone, almost more than any other state in the country.

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What are sanctuary cities?

After five days of trying to settle in to the Oval Office, President Trump signed an executive order to block federal funding to "sanctuary cities".

There is no legal definition of what a sanctuary city is, but it is used to describe a place that limits how local law enforcement co-operates with federal immigration agents.

The executive order targets jurisdictions that hinder communication with the Department of Homeland Security about a person's immigration status.

The first jurisdiction to do this was Los Angeles, in 1979, where the city's police department forbade officers from detaining people with the objective of finding out their status.

The Immigrant Legal Resource Center found that at least five states - California, Oregon, Vermont, Connecticut and Rhode Island - have laws that limit how much local police co-operate with the feds.

Furthermore, at least 633 counties and 39 cities have policies limiting co-operation, including New York, Washington, Baltimore, Los Angeles and Chicago.

Local authorities cannot stop federal agents - there is no jurisdiction beyond the reach of federal authorities - but they can make their investigations difficult, and make it less likely that an undocumented "alien" will come to their attention.

A Supreme Court ruling in 1997 held that the federal government cannot require state officials to enforce federal law, in a doctrine called the "anti-commandeering principle".

The Washington Post gives the example of an illegal immigrant being arrested for driving without a licence and then their status being discovered in a sanctuary city. They must serve jail time for state charges or pay related fines - after which, they are let go.

The cities do not necessarily offer sanctuary, but leniency. You will not be able to commit a crime, for which you will be rightfully punished, but you will not be punished for your immigration status. Sanctuary cities do not stop federal agents from doing their jobs, but they make it a bit more difficult; a nuisance rather than prevention.

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No Evidence Sanctuary Cities 'Breed Crime'

In a pre-Super Bowl interview on Fox, President Donald Trump claimed sanctuary cities "breed crime." But limited research on the effect of such policies has found no evidence that they lead to overall increases in crime rates.

U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement documented nearly 2,000 cases in which cities with sanctuary policies refused to honor ICE detainers, and unauthorized immigrants then went on to commit crimes. But some law enforcement officials say that in the big picture, sanctuary policies also can help to reduce crime.

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